INOI-2003, Sample questions

Problem 1: You can't get there from here

In a primitive video game, a spot bounces around within a
rectangular grid. The southwest corner of the grid has
coordinates (0,0) and the northeast corner has coordinates
(*r*,*c*) where 0 < *r* ≤ 50 and 0 <
*c* ≤ 50. The southeast corner has coordinates
(0,*c*) and the northwest corner has coordinates
(*r*,0). The spot always travels on the diagonal; that is,
in one of the directions NE, NW, SE, SW. The outer edges of the
grid serve as mirrors: after visiting a position on the edge of
the grid the spot "bounces" off according to the normal rules of
reflection (Snell's Law). For example, if the spot were
travelling NE and hit the east edge of the grid, it would change
direction to NW. If the spot were to hit the corner of the grid
it would change to the opposite direction.

Given a grid size, two points *A* and *B* lying
on the grid, and an initial direction, you are to determine if
the spot moves from *A* to *B* and, if so, how far
the spot moves (in terms of number of grid positions) before
reaching *B* the first time.

Input Specification

The input consists of an integer *n*, followed by
*n* data sets. Each data set begins with a line containing
*r* and *c*, followed by two lines containing the
coordinates of points *A* and *B* respectively,
followed by one line containing NE, NW, SE, or SW - the initial
direction of travel.

Output Specification

For each case, print a sentence as shown below indicating
whether or not *B* can be reached, and, if it can, how far
the spot moves before reaching *B*.

Sample Input

2 3 4 0 0 0 4 NE 4 2 3 1 3 2 NW

Output for Sample Input

B can be reached from A after 12 move(s). B cannot be reached from A.Copyright (c) IARCS 2003-2018; Last Updated: 11 Apr, 2003